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According to him, words related to nature, earth and ruling but especially to the sky and star s seem to be cognates. The linguist Choi [66] suggested already in a close relationship between Turkic and Korean regardless of any Altaic connections:. In addition, the fact that the morphological elements are not easily borrowed between languages, added to the fact that the common morphological elements between Korean and Turkic are not less numerous than between Turkic and other Altaic languages, strengthens the possibility that there is a close genetic affinity between Korean and Turkic.

Many historians also point out a close non-linguistic relationship between Turkic peoples and Koreans. Some historians and linguists suggest a link between Turkic languages and some Native American language s.

Azeri Alphabet

Some linguists suggested a relation to Uralic languages , especially to the Ugric languages. This view is rejected and seen as obsolete by mainstream linguists. Similarities are because of language contact and borrowings mostly from Turkic into Ugric languages. Stachowski states that any relation between Turkic and Uralic must be a contact one. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Language family. Not to be confused with Trukic languages or Turkish language. Southwestern Oghuz. Southeastern Karluk. Northwestern Kipchak. Chuvash Oghur.

Northeastern Siberian.

The Turkic Languages by Lars Johanson

See also: Altaic languages. See also: Proto-Turkic language , Turkic peoples , and Turkic migration. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. May This section needs attention from an expert on the subject. Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the section. When placing this tag, consider associating this request with a WikiProject. November Main articles: Endangered language and Lists of endangered languages. Main articles: List of endangered languages in Russia and Languages of Russia.

Main article: Salar language. Main article: Khalaj language. Main article: Khorasani Turkic language. Main article: Languages of Afghanistan. Glottolog 3.

University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Archived from the original PDF on 11 March Retrieved 11 March Languages of the World, Third Edition. Archived from the original on 16 January Retrieved 15 January February Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 26 April Volume 1 Part BRILL V, St. PLoS Genetics. Thus, our study provides the first genetic evidence supporting one of the previously hypothesized IAHs to be near Mongolia and South Siberia.

Central Asiatic Journal. Once Again on the Ruan-ruan Language. The Turkic Languages. Language Dynamics and Change. A History of Inner Asia. Cambridge University Press. October The Turks in World History. Oxford University Press.

Turkic languages

Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul. Retrieved 18 March Language Family Trees — Turkic". CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list link CS1 maint: extra text: authors list link The reliability of Ethnologue lies mainly in its statistics whereas its framework for the internal classification of Turkic is still based largely on Baskakov and the collective work in Deny et al. A more up to date alternative to classifying these languages on internal camparative grounds is to be found in the work of Johanson and his co-workers.

Current Biology. London, New York: Routledge, 81— Retrieved 22 February Contributors Keith Brown, Sarah Ogilvie revised ed. Retrieved 24 April Turcologica Series. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. Evidentials: Turkic, Iranian and Neighbouring Languages. Volume 24 of Empirical approaches to language typology. Walter de Gruyter.

The Uralic Languages

William Safran ed. Nationalism and ethnoregional identities in China. Volume 1 of Cass series—nationalism and ethnicity illustrated ed. Psychology Press. Retrieved 28 June Raymond Hickey ed. The Handbook of Language Contact illustrated ed.

John Wiley and Sons. Seoul Journal of Korean Studies.


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Bashkir Old Tatar Tatar. Bulgar Chuvash Khazar 2. Italics indicate extinct languages Languages between parentheses are varieties of the language on their left. Turkic topics. Old Turkic script Common Turkic Alphabet. Old Turkic alphabet Proto-Turkic language Turkology.

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Routledge Language Family Series

Kyz kuu Jereed Kokpar Dzhigit Chovgan. Primary language families.


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Kazakh may express different combinations of tense , aspect and mood through the use of various verbal morphology or through a system of auxiliary verbs , many of which might better be considered light verbs. The present tense is a prime example of this; progressive tense in Kazakh is formed with one of four possible auxiliaries.


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While it is possible to think that different categories of aspect govern the choice of auxiliary, it is not so straightforward in Kazakh. Auxiliaries are internally sensitive to the lexical semantics of predicates, for example, verbs describing motion:.