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Radioactive radium Articles Radium is best known for its radioactivity, its eerie luminescent glow, and its contribution to a Nobel Prize. The World's Nuclear Issue Articles When nuclei come close enough together, reactions between the nuclei can occur, causing the energy, structure, or makeup of atomic nuclei to be changed. It is this type of reaction by which What does a nuclear plant have to do with medicine? Articles The shut down of the Chalk River nuclear reactor in Ontario has hospitals across the country and around the world scrambling over a severe shortage of medical nuclear isotopes.

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Full body scanners: the technology of airline security Articles The implementation of scanners with radio or radiation technology to view below a person's clothing in airports after the North West Flight bombing attempt has sparked much debate. Radiating connection Articles with Starting Points Ever wonder if all that talk time on your cell phone or all that screen time on Facebook or Twitter do your health any harm? Sci Show Videos What is Energy? But what does that mean? Let SciShow explain.

Using a simple model of the atom, electrons are presented as the charged particles that carry electrical energy in most circuits. The video Explaining an Electrical Circuit Videos A simple explanation on how an electrical circuit operates. How to Make a Lemon Battery Videos Tackling what may be the most cliche, well-known and misunderstood experiment of all time: the lemon battery.

Energy transformations in living matter : a survey

The take home message in this one is: the electricity is NOT in the lemon. How is electricity made? What is a Kilowatt Hour? ONGov Videos Learn more about kilowatt hours and how they are used. World's First Electric Generator Videos Using a coil of wire and a magnet, Michael Faraday created the first electric generator almost years ago. Watch this short experiment to learn the principle behind which all electricity is made. The Power Plant of the Future Videos Your local nuclear power plant can produce huge amounts of energy through nuclear fission, but what if we could harness the power of stars—nuclear fusion!

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Learn how Canada is a leading producer of nuclear reactors Nuclear Energy Explained: How does it work? Videos This first video in a set of three, provides a basis for a discussion of nuclear energy by looking at how we got to where we are today. This video is by Kurzgesagt — In a Nutshell. What is Nuclear Radiation? Videos Some people think radiation is a scary word but, but really it is just the movement of particles or waves through space.

Video courtesy of The Videos This short animation explains the concept of a half-life. What is Radiation?

Biology (B.S.)

Videos The video features Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission CNSC experts explaining the basics of radiation in simple terms -- what it is, the different types, radioisotopes, and radioactive decay. What is Alpha, Beta and Gamma Radiation?

Videos This short animation explains and gives examples of alpha, beta and gamma radiation. This video from the US National Defense Education Program explains the difference between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation and how we can detect and Periodic Table Videos - Radium Videos In the s radiation poisoning was relatively unknown, so manufactures painted dials with radioluminescent paint containing radium in order to make them glow in the dark. This video Nuclear Fission Videos What is nuclear fission, and why is it important?

When was it discovered, and what is it used for today?

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Nuclear Chemistry Part 1 — Radioactive Decay Crash Course Videos This Crash Course Video explores radioactivity, transmutation among elements and isotopes, calculating half-life, radioactive decay and spontaneous fission. Fission vs. Taylor Wilson: My radical plan for small nuclear fission reactors Videos Taylor Wilson was 14 when he built a nuclear fusion reactor in his parents' garage. Now 19, he returns to the TED stage to present a new take on an old topic: fission.

Videos Hank addresses a highly requested topic - liquid fluoride thorium reactors - and tells us how LFTR might be the future of energy in How the Sun works: Fusion and Quantum Tunneling Videos Now that you know about the sun, do you want to learn about quantum tunneling? PMID: ; [Indexed for. Paperback on simatawidi. Krebs [Hans A. Kornberg] on simatawidi. Krebs and others published the chapter: A survey of the energy transformations in living matter in the book: Ergebnisse der physiologie.


Krebs, H. Precious Lite All Rights Reserved. Precious Lite theme by Flythemes. The Ass Party Home Archives. Those researchers think that "the prolonged pressure of genome and particle size reduction eventually reduced virocells into modern viruses identified by the complete loss of cellular makeup , meanwhile other coexisting cellular lineages diversified into modern cells. These ancient cells likely contained segmented RNA genomes. A number of hypotheses of formation of RNA have been put forward. As of [update] , there were difficulties in the explanation of the abiotic synthesis of the nucleotides cytosine and uracil.

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These are seen to form micro-spheres which are observed to behave similarly to membrane-enclosed compartments. Other possible means of producing more complicated organic molecules include chemical reactions that take place on clay substrates or on the surface of the mineral pyrite. Factors supporting an important role for RNA in early life include its ability to act both to store information and to catalyze chemical reactions as a ribozyme ; its many important roles as an intermediate in the expression of and maintenance of the genetic information in the form of DNA in modern organisms; and the ease of chemical synthesis of at least the components of the RNA molecule under the conditions that approximated the early Earth.

Relatively short RNA molecules have been synthesized, capable of replication. Jack W. Szostak has shown that certain catalytic RNAs can join smaller RNA sequences together, creating the potential for self-replication. If these conditions were present, Darwinian natural selection would favour the proliferation of such autocatalytic sets , to which further functionalities could be added. Depending on the definition, life started when RNA chains began to self-replicate, initiating the three mechanisms of Darwinian selection: heritability , variation of type, and differential reproductive output.

The fitness of an RNA replicator its per capita rate of increase would likely be a function of its intrinsic adaptive capacities, determined by its nucleotide sequence, and the availability of resources. Carl Zimmer has speculated that the chemical conditions, including the presence of boron , molybdenum and oxygen needed for the initial production of RNA, may have been better on early Mars than on early Earth. It is possible that a different type of nucleic acid, such as peptide nucleic acid , threose nucleic acid or glycol nucleic acid , was the first to emerge as a self-reproducing molecule, only later replaced by RNA.

Energy transformations in living matter; : a survey | UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI LIBRARY

Pyrimidine ribonucleosides and their respective nucleotides have been prebiotically synthesized by a sequence of reactions which by-pass the free sugars, and are assembled in a stepwise fashion by using nitrogenous or oxygenous chemistries. Sutherland has demonstrated high yielding routes to cytidine and uridine ribonucleotides built from small 2 and 3 carbon fragments such as glycolaldehyde , glyceraldehyde or glyceraldehydephosphate , cyanamide and cyanoacetylene. Ribose aminooxazoline can then react with cyanoacetylene in a mild and highly efficient manner to give the alpha cytidine ribonucleotide.

Photoanomerization with UV light allows for inversion about the 1' anomeric centre to give the correct beta stereochemistry. This paper also highlights the possibility for the photo-sanitization of the pyrimidine-2',3'-cyclic phosphates. A new origin-of-life theory based on self-replicating beta-sheet structures was recently put forward. The main arguments for the amyloid hypothesis is based on the structural stability, autocatalytic and catalytic properties, and evolvability of beta-sheet based informational systems.

Such systems are also error correcting. Metabolism-like reactions could have occurred naturally in early oceans, before the first organisms evolved. Reconstructions in laboratories show that some of these reactions can produce RNA, and some others resemble two essential reaction cascades of metabolism: glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway , that provide essential precursors for nucleic acids, amino acids and lipids.