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The observations and findings suggest that environmentally sound increases in productivity will be harder to achieve than in the past, though a significant potential for attaining these increases do exist. To this end, reforms are necessary, so that policy and institutional frameworks support an intensified sustainable agriculture, conducive to an environment that gives way to technological innovation.


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The authors in this report, review subjects from, integrating environmental concerns in rural development policies, natural resources degradation, small-farmer decisionmaking, to agricultural trade reforms, research initiatives, property regimes, etc. Institutional and social perspectives, together with technical issues and perspectives are also analyzed through various subjects in this volume.

See Less -. Document also available in : French , Spanish. India is mainly an agricultural country and for making farming a profitable enterprise in India, it is essential to make use of agricultural inputs in scientific way. Marketing of inputs should be done by considering what is in the best interest of farmers in the present and long term. Input marketing companies have to develop strategies that can make their products of good quality but cheap for rural customers and safe for environment.

ISBN 13: 9783319322544

Responsible agro input marketing will help farmers to get good returns from farm and also help to supply quality food to the health conscious consumers and for protection of environment. Responsible agricultural inputs marketing: a key to save environment DOI: Citation :- Responsible agricultural inputs marketing: a key to save environment.

Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.

Salokhe salokhes yahoo. Submitted Date : Accepted Date : First Online: Aktar, M.

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Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards. Interdisciplinary Toxicology, 2: Baishya, K. Impact of agrochemicals application on soil quality degradation- A review. Bationo, A. M Bhairwa, S. Agricultural inputs and service delivery Systems in India: A Review. Bhardwaj, T. Impact of pesticides application in agricultural industry: an Indian scenario. Biswas, A. Das, A.

Agriculture, Environment and Development

Factors influencing retailing performance of farm inputs in South 24 Parganas District of West Bengal. Indian Res. Day, D. Impact of indiscriminate use of insecticide on environmental pollution. International Journal of Plant Protection, 9: Forget, G. Information is gained from green computing , green chemistry , earth science , environmental science and conservation biology. Ecological economics studies the fields of academic research that aim to address human economies and natural ecosystems. Moving towards sustainability is also a social challenge that entails international and national law , urban planning and transport , supply chain management, local and individual lifestyles and ethical consumerism.

Ways of living more sustainably can take many forms from reorganizing living conditions e. The name sustainability is derived from the Latin sustinere tenere , to hold; sub , under. Sustain can mean "maintain", "support", or "endure". The World Summit on Social Development identified sustainable development goals, such as economic development, social development and environmental protection. One such pillar is future generations, which emphasizes the long-term thinking associated with sustainability.

Sustainable development consists of balancing local and global efforts to meet basic human needs without destroying or degrading the natural environment. A study from pointed out that environmental justice is as important as sustainable development. The simple definition that sustainability is something that improves "the quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of supporting eco-systems", [38] though vague, conveys the idea of sustainability having quantifiable limits.

But sustainability is also a call to action, a task in progress or "journey" and therefore a political process, so some definitions set out common goals and values. This suggested a more complex figure of sustainability, which included the importance of the domain of 'politics'. More than that, sustainability implies responsible and proactive decision-making and innovation that minimizes negative impact and maintains balance between ecological resilience, economic prosperity, political justice and cultural vibrancy to ensure a desirable planet for all species now and in the future.

While the United Nations Millennium Declaration identified principles and treaties on sustainable development, including economic development, social development and environmental protection it continued using three domains: economics, environment and social sustainability. More recently, using a systematic domain model that responds to the debates over the last decade, the Circles of Sustainability approach distinguished four domains of economic, ecological, political and cultural sustainability ; [46] this in accord with the United Nations , Unesco , Agenda 21 , and in particular the Agenda 21 for culture which specifies culture as the fourth domain of sustainable development.

Rather, it involves treating all four domains—economy, ecology, politics and culture—as social including economics and distinguishing between ecology as the intersection of the human and natural worlds and environment as that which goes far beyond what we as humans can ever know. Another model suggests humans attempt to achieve all of their needs and aspirations via seven modalities: economy, community, occupational groups, government, environment, culture, and physiology.

Human sustainability can be achieved by attaining sustainability in all levels of the seven modalities. Integral elements of sustainability are research and innovation activities. A telling example is the European environmental research and innovation policy.

It aims at defining and implementing a transformative agenda to greening the economy and the society as a whole so to make them sustainable. Research and innovation in Europe are financially supported by the programme Horizon , which is also open to participation worldwide.

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Additionally, instigating innovative and sustainable travel and transportation solutions must play a vital role in this process. Resiliency in ecology is the capacity of an ecosystem to absorb disturbance and still retain its basic structure and viability. Resilience-thinking evolved from the need to manage interactions between human-constructed systems and natural ecosystems in a sustainable way despite the fact that to policymakers a definition remains elusive. Resilience-thinking addresses how much planetary ecological systems can withstand assault from human disturbances and still deliver the service's current and future generations need from them.

It is also concerned with commitment from geopolitical policymakers to promote and manage essential planetary ecological resources in order to promote resilience and achieve sustainability of these essential resources for benefit of future generations of life. A practical view of sustainability is closed systems that maintain processes of productivity indefinitely by replacing resources used by actions of people with resources of equal or greater value by those same people without degrading or endangering natural biotic systems.

In nature, the accounting occurs naturally through a process of adaptation as an ecosystem returns to viability from an external disturbance.


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  • The adaptation is a multi-stage process that begins with the disturbance event earthquake, volcanic eruption, hurricane, tornado, flood, or thunderstorm , followed by absorption , utilization, or deflection of the energy or energies that the external forces created. In analysing systems such as urban and national parks, dams, farms and gardens, theme parks, open-pit mines, water catchments, one way to look at the relationship between sustainability and resiliency is to view the former with a long-term vision and resiliency as the capacity of human engineers to respond to immediate environmental events.

    The history of sustainability traces human-dominated ecological systems from the earliest civilizations to the present day. In early human history, the use of fire and desire for specific foods may have altered the natural composition of plant and animal communities. The Western industrial revolution of the 18th to 19th centuries tapped into the vast growth potential of the energy in fossil fuels.

    Coal was used to power ever more efficient engines and later to generate electricity. Modern sanitation systems and advances in medicine protected large populations from disease. In the late 20th century, environmental problems became global in scale. In the 21st century, there is increasing global awareness of the threat posed by the human greenhouse effect , produced largely by forest clearing and the burning of fossil fuels.

    The philosophical and analytic framework of sustainability draws on and connects with many different disciplines and fields; in recent years an area that has come to be called sustainability science has emerged.

    Sustainability is studied and managed over many scales levels or frames of reference of time and space and in many contexts of environmental, social and economic organization. The focus ranges from the total carrying capacity sustainability of planet Earth to the sustainability of economic sectors, ecosystems, countries, municipalities, neighbourhood, home gardens, individual lives, individual goods and services [ clarification needed ] , occupations, lifestyles, behaviour patterns and so on.